The purpose of this research is to understand the attitudes and opinions of mayors on "local agreement" over the restart of Hamaoka nuclear power plants. It has been increasingly significant to explore "how local agreement over the resumption of nuclear power plants should be made," given the geographical extent of damage caused by the Fukushima accident, the establishment of Urgent Planning Zone(UPZ), and the rise of prefectural referendum campaigns.
The questionnaire survey was conducted in the spring of 2018 by posting to the mayors of 235 municipalities, including 35 municipalities in Shizuoka prefecture and 200 in the other four prefectures in the area of Chubu Electric Power. The results showed the following three points. Firstly, the conventional “local agreement," which was made only by the host and neighboring municipalities, was losing support, and instead UPZ was more favored as the desirable range of agreement. Secondly, the survey found a tendency of some mayors to strategically favor ways of "local agreement" based on their positions to the restart of Hamaoka nuclear power plants. Third, the result showed the difficulty of implementing the prefectural vote.
It is increasingly significant to consider how "local agreement" should be. By clarifying the mayors' attitudes on "local agreement," this survey made an important step in not only understanding the political dynamics over "local agreement" but also exploring the ideal way of making that.